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一位不愿透露姓名的用户 发布于2019年11月26日 00:46

原创 解决在 Java 中使用 MySQL 8 数据库驱动连接 MySQL 5.7 报错的问题

625 次浏览 读完需要≈ 12 分钟 MySQLJDBC

内容目录

当前最新的 MySQL JDBC 官方驱动版本为 mysql-connector-java 8.0.17,我连接的数据库为 MySQL-5.7.16。

当使用最新的 MySQL 8 驱动连接 MySQL 5.7 数据库时,你需要注意:

  • com.mysql.jdbc 包已经过时,新包名为 com.mysql.cj.jdbc,因此你需要将 driverClassNamecom.mysql.jdbc.Driver 替换为 com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver
  • 在 JDBC 连接字符串中添加参数 serverTimezone=Hongkong(时区请根据实际需要设置),否则会抛出如下错误信息:
java.sql.SQLException: The server time zone value '�й���׼ʱ��' is unrecognized or represents more than one time zone. You must configure either the server or JDBC driver (via the serverTimezone configuration property) to use a more specifc time zone value if you want to utilize time zone support.

	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.exceptions.SQLError.createSQLException(SQLError.java:129)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.exceptions.SQLError.createSQLException(SQLError.java:97)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.exceptions.SQLError.createSQLException(SQLError.java:89)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.exceptions.SQLError.createSQLException(SQLError.java:63)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.exceptions.SQLError.createSQLException(SQLError.java:73)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.exceptions.SQLExceptionsMapping.translateException(SQLExceptionsMapping.java:76)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.createNewIO(ConnectionImpl.java:827)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.<init>(ConnectionImpl.java:447)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.getInstance(ConnectionImpl.java:237)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.NonRegisteringDriver.connect(NonRegisteringDriver.java:199)
	at java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(DriverManager.java:664)
	at java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(DriverManager.java:247)
	at me.codeplayer.www.bean.JavaTest.testDBConnection(JavaTest.java:34)
	at me.codeplayer.www.bean.JavaTest.test(JavaTest.java:17)
	at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
	at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
	at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
	at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498)
	at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1.runReflectiveCall(FrameworkMethod.java:50)
	at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:12)
	at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod.invokeExplosively(FrameworkMethod.java:47)
	at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.InvokeMethod.evaluate(InvokeMethod.java:17)
	at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runLeaf(ParentRunner.java:325)
	at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:78)
	at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:57)
	at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:290)
	at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:71)
	at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:288)
	at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:58)
	at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:268)
	at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:363)
	at org.junit.runner.JUnitCore.run(JUnitCore.java:137)
	at com.intellij.junit4.JUnit4IdeaTestRunner.startRunnerWithArgs(JUnit4IdeaTestRunner.java:68)
	at com.intellij.rt.execution.junit.IdeaTestRunner$Repeater.startRunnerWithArgs(IdeaTestRunner.java:47)
	at com.intellij.rt.execution.junit.JUnitStarter.prepareStreamsAndStart(JUnitStarter.java:242)
	at com.intellij.rt.execution.junit.JUnitStarter.main(JUnitStarter.java:70)
Caused by: com.mysql.cj.exceptions.InvalidConnectionAttributeException: The server time zone value '�й���׼ʱ��' is unrecognized or represents more than one time zone. You must configure either the server or JDBC driver (via the serverTimezone configuration property) to use a more specifc time zone value if you want to utilize time zone support.
	at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method)
	at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:62)
	at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:45)
	at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:423)
	at com.mysql.cj.exceptions.ExceptionFactory.createException(ExceptionFactory.java:61)
	at com.mysql.cj.exceptions.ExceptionFactory.createException(ExceptionFactory.java:85)
	at com.mysql.cj.util.TimeUtil.getCanonicalTimezone(TimeUtil.java:132)
	at com.mysql.cj.protocol.a.NativeProtocol.configureTimezone(NativeProtocol.java:2139)
	at com.mysql.cj.protocol.a.NativeProtocol.initServerSession(NativeProtocol.java:2163)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.initializePropsFromServer(ConnectionImpl.java:1301)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.connectOneTryOnly(ConnectionImpl.java:958)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.createNewIO(ConnectionImpl.java:817)
	... 29 more

一个典型的 JDBC 连接字符串类似于:jdbc:mysql:///test?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=UTF-8&serverTimezone=Hongkong

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